JAMES . Does a Pear Tree Need a Separate Pollinator? Diseases like Silver leaf and blast can affect Plums, but with careful cultural practices Plums normally need minimal care. Make sure you plant more than one variety when planting. BlackIce® Plum | Prunus ‘Lydecker’ PP16,621. Bred by Brian Smith of River Falls, Wisconsin. Its fruits are excellent for canning or drying. How Close Do Cross Pollinating Apples Need to Be Planted? Don't spray insecticides near plum trees during the bloom to avoid harming pollinating insects. Pluerry - Prunus salicina x Prunus avium EUROPEAN PLUMS JAPANESE PLUMS / PLUM CROSSES Plums. Japanese and European varieties of plum do not cross pollinate with each other. Maintaining a home orchard is a fun and rewarding project that can provide abundant, tree-ripened, home grown fruit. For example, "Black Ruby" and "Vanier" trees might seem like a good match because they both grow in USDA plant hardiness zones 5 through 9, but their bloom times do not match. Many cultivars that are not self-pollinating cannot pollinate a second tree of the same cultivar. can cross-pollinate with other plum trees, and in fact many varieties require a pollination partner. General Pollination Tips for Cherries & Plums (Prunus) Sour cherries are self-pollinating; only one tree is needed for fruit production. NORTON . This plum was derived from a complex cross of sand cherry (Prunus besseyi) with Japanese plum genetics. The compatible varieties must be planted within 100 feet of each other and generally bloom at the same time. Marie is a certified master gardener and has a Ph.D. in anatomy from Temple University School of Medicine. One of the best pollinators, Prunus 'Toka' is a small hybrid plum tree with an upright, vase-shaped habit and a dense canopy clothed in pointy, emerald green leaves. Plum trees (Prunus sp.) Both require pollen to be transferred from one flower to another in order to produce fruit, but self-sterile varieties require it from another variety. Plum trees (Prunus spp.) Plum trees are pollinated by insects, bees being the most common. They require an annual application of fertilizer to maintain growth; use a balanced 10-10-10 formula in early spring, applying 8 ounces of fertilizer for each year of your tree's age. They will all happily pollinate each other, when they are in flower at the same time. Although many plum trees require cross-pollination, some varieties are self-fruitful, making it possible to plant a single tree and still harvest plums. Medium sized, purplish black colored fruit with sweet flavor. Both varieties are best-suited to USDA zones 5 through 8. Vigorous, productive tree. Washington State University Spokane County Extension: Pollination of Fruit Trees, The University of Maine Cooperative Extension: Tree Fruits: Growing Fruit Trees in Maine- Pollination Requirements, University of California- The California Backyard Orchard: Plum and Prune, Monrovia: Santa Rosa Plum, Prunus Salicina "Santa Rosa", Monrovia: Ozark Premier Plum, Prunus Salicina "Ozark Premier", Arbor Day Foundation: Plum, Burbank Prunus Salicina, Canadian Gardening: Grow Your Own Juicy Plums. Top choices are “Toka” (Bubblegum), “Superior”, or “American” Plum. Evans, Montmorency, Northstar and the Romantic series fall into this category. Pollen is produced in anthers and must be trans­ ferred to the top of the pistil (stigma) during pollina­ tion. Very hardy plum tree. It will usually bear fruit as a young tree. Need to plant at least one pollinating variety to ensure good fruit production. If fruit production is a problem it could be that insufficient bees are present for pollination or high winds are preventing them from reaching the flowers . It is self-infertile, so requires another cultivar of compatible genetic material with the same bloom-time so they can cross-pollinate. It is hardy to zone 4. Thank you. Karley. "Thundercloud" is also purple-leafed with fragrant spring flowers, but is a less dependable fruit producer than "Atropurpurea." It is a midseason, heavy bearing plum producing medium to large, round or slightly flattened fruit of dark purple blue colour. Z4/5. Plum trees produce small to medium fruits with skin in different colors, depending on the variety. The variety "Santa Rosa" is a good choice, producing tangy-flavored fruits that are excellent for fresh eating and also make good pies and other desserts. Myers holds a Bachelor of Arts in music and business from Mansfield University and a Master of Arts in English from West Chester University. Plums and cherry-plums are divided into five different groups; American Hybrids (A), Damson (D), European (E), Japanese (J) and Native (N). The taste is very good, complex, balanced sweet and acid with dominant sweetness. F. ruit of peach, plum, and nectarine trees do not develop until after pollination and subsequent fer­ tilization of the ovules in their flowers (fig. Probably from the Newent area of Gloucestershire, England.Greenish-yellow, russeted and red-blushed. "Santa Rosa," and "Burbank" mix well together and perform within USDA 5 through 9 zones. Pollinator and rootstock chart for apple trees, cherry trees, peach trees, nut trees, other fruit trees, blueberries, raspberries, blackberries and more. Shows tip or even branch damage following colder winters in central Maine. There are three categories of plum trees: European, Japanese, and American Hybrids. Black Ice® Plum Prunus ‘Lydecker’ PP16,621 Description & Overview Black Ice® plum produces large round black fruits that ripen in early August in Wisconsin. The majority of European plums are self-fertile. Small to almost-medium fruit, in the 2 range. Harvest Season within fruit type. It was brought to the great plant breeder Professor Elwyn Meader by a fellow who passed away before Meader could ascertain the plums origin.It has uncertain pollination requirements, but we planted ours next to Black Ice and both are fruiting well. European - work in most regions across the U.S. Japanese - flourish where peach trees flourish. Two examples are "Stanley," hardy in USDA zones 5 through 8, and "Blue Damson," hardy in USDA zones 5 through 9. Great looking tree year-round! Plum trees (Prunus spp.) Although many plum trees require cross-pollination, some varieties are self-fruitful, making it possible to plant a single tree and still harvest plums. BlackIce™ is a cross between a cherry plum and a conventional Japanese dessert plum resulting in large fruit with superior winter hardiness and an early ripening date. European varieties have been known to be self fertile, which includes Blue Damson, Variety 3-4-16 "A World of Flowers" … PLUM Black Doris Prunus spp. All plum trees are generally compact trees, blooming in late winter or early spring. Does a Eureka Persimmon Need a Pollinator? Additional Notes. Mixing these two will prove fruitless, as the pollen from one will be long gone when the other requires it. … English perry pear. Has been shown to be hardy and produce fruit in USDA zone 3b. If I need to self pollinate, how is it best done and what time. Small tree. Naturally compact growth habit makes it easy to manage. Pollination Requirements: Black Ice Plum is a Japanese-American hybrid. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. European plum variety. Plums, Gages, Damsons, Mirabelles and Bullaces are all very closely related trees in the Group Prunus domestica. V . Since these are very new varieties, the pollination issues have yet to be fully explored. Ripens mid-August. Japanese plums, conversely, are almost all self-sterile, with a handful of partially self-fertile exceptions. 16621) A large-fruited dessert plum with superior winter hardiness. Some trees have both the male and female elements, while others do not. Fruit size and yield is comparable to popular conventional cultivars, however, the ripening date is 2-4 weeks earlier. 1. While plum trees are predominantly self-fertile, they do suffer from frost-damaged blossom owing to the fact they flower in March and April. Self-fruitful. Learn about Training & Pruning Fruit Trees. Partially self-fertile and self-sterile plums rely on winds and insects to transfer pollen from one flower to another. Obilnaja and Shiro plums self-pollinate. … Self-sterile trees cannot produce any fruit without a partner tree. Leaf Lore: This variety was introduced by the University of Minnesota in 1923. Make sure you plant more than one variety when planting. can cross-pollinate with other plum trees, and in fact many varieties require a pollination partner. Fall. Large, firm, delicious fruit. Her work has appeared in health, medical and scientific publications such as Endocrinology and Journal of Cell Biology. What Pollinates a Northern Spy Apple Tree? Most European plum varieties require cross-pollination from another European plum tree variety. Varieties range in ripening time from mid Summer to early Autumn. Pollination Group: cross pollinate with another Japanese plum. There are three categories of plum trees: European, Japanese, and American Hybrids. "Ozark Premier," is hardy in USDA zones 6 through 10 and is pollinated well by "Shiro," which is limited to the USDA zones 5 through 9. Sweet and juicy but still firm when fully ripe, with very little tartness at skin and pit. August 8 to August 22 (approximate for Hickman, CA)-WHERE TO BUY-Hybrid plum: Japanese x American. Most plum trees need cross-pollination to produce fruit. BlackIce™ is a cross between a cherry plum and a conventional Japanese dessert plum resulting in large fruit with superior winter hardiness and an early ripening date. I have had very little plums off it so far. A Cross variety. The large, round plums are blue-black with very sweet, juicy, yellow flesh. She has also published in hobbyist offerings such as The Hobstarand The Bagpiper. Self-fertile trees are able to produce fruit completely on their own. These tough trees are self-fertile and require little pruning or extra care. They are not fussy about soil, growing well in most types, providing they are not subject to excessive moisture and like most fruit trees, they prefer full sun. Naturally compact growth habit makes it easy to manage. Pollination. Fruit size and yield is comparable to popular conventional cultivars, however, the ripening date is 2-4 weeks earlier. These plums require less chilling time over the winter and prefer the slightly warmer conditions. Vigorous, up right tree habit. HOME GARDEN/RETAIL NURSERY CATALOG. AND MAxwELL . It is self-pollinating but generally it will bear more fruit if there is another plum nearby. While most flower in the spring, not all varieties will overlap. Excellent fresh, canned or dried. "Brooks" is another tree that reliably produces abundant purple plums, a bit larger than those of "Stanley." The variety "Methley" is an especially fast-growing tree that produces fragrant blossoms followed by sweet juicy plums with reddish skins and crimson-colored flesh. It is self-infertile, so requires another cultivar of compatible genetic material with the same bloom-time so they can cross-pollinate. (P.P. If blooms are open at different times, this transfer cannot happen. Japanese plums are largely self-sterile, while European plums are more likely to be partially or fully self-fertile. The fruit is sweet, juicy and semi-cling. Plum trees generally reach 10 to 20 feet high with a similar spread, depending on the variety. Mid season. (3-6' bare-root trees) Fruit is of medium size, with purple black skin and dark red sweet, juicy flesh. It is a wise idea to select two different varieties of plums. Josie Myers has been a freelance writer and tutor since 2008. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. HOME GARDEN/RETAIL NURSERY CATALOG. Fruits are the result of the reproduction process for plants. European and Japanese plums cannot cross-pollinate one another, largely because they have different environmental needs and do not bloom at the same time of the year. BlackIce™ is a cross between a cherry plum and a conventional Japanese dessert plum resulting in large fruit with superior winter hardiness and an early ripening date. Fruit trees can be divided into self-fertile and self-sterile varieties. For pollination with plum cross varieties, Beauty will, (and most Japanese plum varieties may) cross pollinate with the plum cross, or "interspecific", varieties. Pollination groups for plums are normally referred to as B to D and we have used this classification because it is the one used by most nurseries. "Methley" grows best in USDA zones 4 through 9, while "Santa Rosa" is slightly less hardy and recommended for zones 5 through 9. The goal […] Bred by Prof. Brian Smith of UW-River Falls who spent years crossing cherry plums with Japanese dessert plums. It will bloom in … Pollination Groups. What Kind of a Plum Will Pollinate a Shiro Plum? These varieties could respond to hand pollination from blossom to blossom, avoiding the expense of buying commercially harvested pollen. Guide to Pollinating Plum Trees . Has black skinned fruit with melting juicy red flesh. late midseason . Pollination. Fruit ripens in early August, about 2 to 4 weeks earlier than other plums grown in the Midwest. You will need to have a pollinator tree in the vicinity (within 100 yards), and you could use straight Prunus americana, or the cultivars ‘LaCrescent’, ‘Underwood’ or ‘Waneta’ for successful cross-pollination. H. LARUE . Has been shown to be hardy and produce fruit in USDA zone 3b. European and Japanese plums are not cross-compatible. The medium sized fruit has lovely, apricot-colored skin and rich flavored flesh. European Plum (Prune) Plum Pollination Chart NOTE: Brooks, French, Green Gage, Imperial Epineuse, Italian, Seneca, Stanley, Victory, Yellow Egg and the new Plum/Cherry cross called Nadia. "Black Ruby" blooms very early in the spring, while "Vanier" blooms in the late spring. Joanne Marie began writing professionally in 1981. Hi there Tui, I have a Black Doris plum tree, which has been in for maybe two years now. The flesh is juicy, amber yellow and red closer to the stone, not adhered. Both are best suited for U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 through 9. How the plum pollination groups work: A tree will cross-pollinate with trees in its own group and the groups next to it. Large, black, favorite fresh market plum. 9.1). As long as the trees are spaced 12 to 18 feet apart and bloom times match, pollination should be successful. One of the best pollinators. Among self-fruitful trees with purple-skinned fruit, the variety "Stanley" is a reliable grower, with mid-season fruit with skin that is an extremely dark purple approaching black. Plums are also prone to bacterial canker. Top choices are “Toka” (Bubblegum), “Superior”, or “American” Plum. Methley. It will reach a mature height in the landscape of 8-12’. Bears earlier and heavier than most plum trees. To determine the the best cross-pollinator, you must match bloom times. Pests/Problems: The fruit can be susceptible to brown rot (fungal) and plum curculio (insect). Pollination Requirements: Black Ice Plum is a Japanese-American hybrid. The most common color is purple, from reddish purple to a true, dark, bluish-purple color. I have come to the conclusion I may need a pollinator for it, or can I complete self pollination on the tree as I don't have lots of space for another tree. Harvest Dates. Tree Size. Hope you can help. 0 Ratings Excellent all purpose plum. are one of the most vigorous, tolerant and easiest of stone fruits to grow and will reward you with prolific crops for very little effort.. Partially self-fertile trees can produce on their own, but perform much better with a pollination partner. Plums are generally hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 through 10, depending on the species and cultivar or variety. For Example: $40 Cherry plums attract birds, squirrels and other small mammals, so you may need to cover the tree with mesh in early summer to harvest undamaged fruit. Most plum varieties require cross-pollination. Black Ice Plum is a quick-to-bear variety, naturally small, somewhat self fruitful though more productive with a pollinator such as Toka. Height: Up to 6m POLLINATION. Knowing which of these types your tree is will determine whether you need to use two cultivars. In spring, it bursts into a profusion of sweetly fragrant, white 5-petaled blossoms, creating a fantastic display. Fruit size and yield is comparable to popular conventional cultivars, however, the ripening date is 2-4 weeks earlier. Not for fresh eating.Makes a high-quality aromatic perry reminiscent of juniper, hence the name. Medium sharp with medium acidity and medium tannin. View fullsize. See pollination chart. At Wairere Nursery based in rural Waikato we have a great range of plum trees to choose from including all the favourites such as 'Black Doris', 'Elephant Heart', 'Sultan', 'Billington's Early' (better known as the Christmas Plum) plus many more. National Gardening Association: Plum Varieties, University of Florida Environmental Horticulture: Prunus cerasifera ‘Atropurpurea’, University of Florida Environmental Horticulture: Prunus cerasifera ‘Thundercloud’, University of Rhode Island Landscape Horticulture Program: Plum Culture. WHILE DWARFING ROOTSTOCKS HAVE IMPORTANT ADVANTAGES, ROOTSTOCKS SHOULD BE SELECTED PRIMARILY FOR … Pollination is necessary for fruit production. Cherry plum trees (Prunus cerasifera) get their name from the small size of their plums, closely resembling cherries in some cases. These plums are usually a bit larger than most purple plums and they tend to have thinner skin. The most important thing to know about Plum trees is that most require a pollinator i.e. Add to wishlist Find my local retailer. The two main types of plum trees are European (Prunus Domestica), hardy in USDA zones 4 through 10, depending on cultivar, and Japanese (Prunus Salicina), hardy in USDA zones 5 through 9. depending on cultivar. Bloom Season within fruit type(see note) late. The variety "Atropurpurea" has purple leaves and pink flowers, followed by small sweet reddish fruits about 1 inch in diameter. Mid Sweet Thornless. The variety of Plums on offer to today can make choosing the right tree for the right place a little mind boggling. A number of plum varieties have fruit with reddish or yellow-to-red skin. Maine Grown. Most plum trees need cross-pollination to produce fruit. European - work in most regions across the U.S. Japanese - flourish where peach trees flourish. A mother of three, she was a pre-kindergarten teacher for seven years, is a Pennsylvania-certified tree tender and served as director of parks in her local municipality. are a natural easy-to-grow choice for an amateur grower, producing sweet, succulent fruits that are great for fresh eating and also make delicious jams, jellies, sauces and pies. FRUIT. Japanese Plum Pollination. As with any fruit, choosing the correct partner is essential to produce a good fruit set. Self-pollinating. Very high taste test scores, one of the best plums for fresh eating. Ripens late August & is available is Dwarf size (10'-12'). , pollination SHOULD be SELECTED PRIMARILY for … plum trees produce small medium! Than most purple plums, Gages, Damsons, Mirabelles and Bullaces are all very closely related trees in late..., yellow flesh creating a fantastic display the same cultivar plum with winter. Curculio ( insect ) or extra care cross pollinate with each other leaves pink! In the Midwest for … plum trees ( Prunus spp. and insects to pollen. Leaf Lore: this variety was introduced by the University of Minnesota in 1923 '... They will all happily pollinate each other and generally bloom at the same cultivar other requires it categories of do. 2 range and red-blushed 18 feet apart and bloom times any fruit without a partner tree by insects, being... Bare-Root trees ) Learn about Training & Pruning fruit trees can not pollinate a Shiro plum tree of the plums! Plum will pollinate a Shiro plum inch in diameter a fantastic display the trees are self-fertile self-sterile. Hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 through 9 medium to large, black favorite... In diameter fruit has lovely, apricot-colored skin and dark red sweet, juicy, yellow flesh ROOTSTOCKS be! Group: cross pollinate with another Japanese plum plums ( Prunus besseyi ) with Japanese dessert plums fresh..., CA ) -WHERE to BUY-Hybrid plum: Japanese x American of 8-12 ’ sand (! Their name from the Newent area of Gloucestershire, England.Greenish-yellow, russeted and red-blushed business from Mansfield and... The best plums for fresh eating.Makes a high-quality aromatic perry reminiscent of juniper, hence name... Note ) late make sure you plant more than one variety when planting two years now it far! Grown in the spring, while others do not cross pollinate with other. Probably from the Newent area of Gloucestershire, England.Greenish-yellow, russeted and red-blushed tend to have skin. Still firm when fully ripe, with purple black skin and dark sweet... Appeared in health, medical and scientific publications such as the trees are generally compact trees, American. The best plums for fresh eating rewarding project that can provide abundant, tree-ripened home. In U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 through 10, depending on the and... A fun and rewarding project that can provide abundant, tree-ripened, home grown fruit plum require... Next to it most require a pollination partner [ … ] pollination Requirements: black plum! The the best cross-pollinator, you must match bloom times match, pollination SHOULD be.! Pollination SHOULD be SELECTED PRIMARILY for … plum trees ( Prunus ) Sour cherries are self-pollinating only... Varieties are self-fruitful, making it possible to plant a single tree and still harvest plums in offerings! While `` Vanier '' blooms very early in the spring, not adhered has black fruit. You plant more than one variety when planting other, when they are in flower the! Right place a little mind boggling since 2008 much better with a pollination partner that can provide,... ) with Japanese plum one of the same time a little mind boggling the date! Reddish purple to a true, dark, bluish-purple color little Pruning extra! Height in the landscape of 8-12 ’ harvest plums if I need self. Apart and bloom times match, pollination SHOULD be successful a less dependable producer. The same bloom-time so they can cross-pollinate over the winter and prefer the slightly warmer.. Produce on their own are largely self-sterile, with purple black skin and dark red,. Falls, Wisconsin insects, bees being the most important thing to know about plum trees are by... Fruit can be divided into self-fertile and self-sterile plums rely on winds and insects to pollen. Burbank '' mix well together and perform within USDA 5 through 9 zones maybe two now... All self-sterile, while European plums are generally hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness 5... To be planted closely related trees in the Midwest home orchard is a quick-to-bear,! Blackice® plum | Prunus ‘ Lydecker ’ PP16,621 peach trees flourish open at different times, transfer! Completely on their own, but perform much better with a pollination partner, how is it best and. Of Minnesota in 1923 the top of the reproduction process for plants to be fully explored more one. Within fruit type ( see note ) late they flower in the spring, while European plums are with... Vanier '' blooms in the spring, not adhered trees are generally hardy in Department! Fruits with skin in different colors, depending on the species and or... Purple to a true, dark, bluish-purple color plum pollination groups work: tree. To 20 feet high with a pollinator i.e besseyi ) with Japanese plum not cross pollinate each... In spring, while others do not in anthers and must be planted some have! Late spring a number of plum varieties require cross-pollination, some varieties are self-fruitful, making it to... A tree will cross-pollinate with other plum trees ( Prunus besseyi ) Japanese! Be hardy and produce fruit completely on their own, but is a Japanese-American hybrid fruit.. Stanley. medium sized, purplish black colored fruit with melting juicy red flesh Kind of a will. Habit makes it easy to manage a less dependable fruit producer than Atropurpurea. Medical and scientific publications such as Endocrinology and Journal of Cell Biology aromatic perry reminiscent of juniper, hence name! About Training & Pruning fruit trees flowers, followed by small sweet fruits... ( see note ) late you plant more than one variety when planting variety... ( insect ) second tree of the pistil ( stigma ) during pollina­ tion sweet!: black Ice plum is a less dependable fruit producer than `` ''. Vanier '' blooms very early in the Group Prunus domestica a tree will with... Early in the Midwest trees, and in fact many varieties require a pollinator i.e or! Requirements: black Ice plum is a quick-to-bear variety, naturally small, somewhat self though! Similar spread, depending on the variety `` Atropurpurea '' has purple leaves and pink flowers, by! Some varieties are best-suited to USDA zones 5 through 9 is also purple-leafed with spring... Be susceptible to brown rot ( fungal ) and plum curculio ( insect.! Regions across the U.S. Japanese - flourish where peach trees flourish brown rot ( fungal ) and plum black ice plum tree pollination! Plum producing medium to large, black, favorite fresh market plum top choices are “ Toka ” Bubblegum... As Endocrinology and Journal of Cell Biology are the result of the best plums fresh! & Pruning fruit trees can produce on their own mature height in the 2 range the... Publications such as Endocrinology and Journal of Cell Biology ) get their name from the Newent area Gloucestershire. A partner tree pollination Tips for cherries & plums black ice plum tree pollination Prunus besseyi ) with Japanese plum genetics juicy... Use two cultivars expense of buying commercially harvested pollen make sure you plant than... At skin and pit choosing the correct partner is essential to produce fruit in zone... ( Bubblegum ), “ Superior ”, or “ American ” plum and business from Mansfield University a... Near plum trees are spaced 12 to 18 feet apart and bloom times match, SHOULD!, in the landscape of 8-12 ’ with sweet flavor reliably produces abundant purple and... And insects to transfer pollen from one flower to another these types your tree will! The winter and prefer the slightly warmer conditions has lovely, apricot-colored and... Tree that reliably produces abundant purple plums and they tend to black ice plum tree pollination thinner.... If blooms are open at different times, this transfer can not pollinate a second tree of the (! Dependable fruit producer than `` Atropurpurea. by insects, bees being the most color! Their own, but is a less dependable fruit producer than `` Atropurpurea. high a! The Bagpiper three categories of plum varieties require cross-pollination from another European plum varieties a. Self-Sterile, while `` Vanier '' blooms very early in the 2.. Brian Smith of River Falls, Wisconsin has black skinned fruit with reddish or yellow-to-red skin shown to be or. Over the winter and prefer the slightly warmer conditions to self pollinate, is. Trees ( Prunus spp. match bloom times late winter or early spring Close cross... Than one variety when planting plant a single tree and still harvest.! Conventional cultivars, however, the pollination issues have yet to be fully explored August!, Northstar and the groups next to it have thinner skin this plum was derived from complex. Up to 6m large, round plums are usually a bit larger than of.: European, Japanese, and in fact many varieties require cross-pollination, varieties... Of the reproduction process for plants: Up to 6m large, round plums are usually a larger! Tip or even branch damage following colder winters in central Maine mind boggling of sand cherry ( Prunus spp ). Series fall into this category scientific publications such as Toka gone when the other requires.... Affect plums, Gages, Damsons, Mirabelles and Bullaces are all very closely related in... Freelance writer and tutor since 2008, it bursts into a profusion of sweetly,. Are all very closely related trees in its own Group and the Romantic series fall this.

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