. Some spices are rich in minerals and can help stimulate our metabolism. , P. guineense parts are widely used in South East Nigeria for its nutritional and medicinal properties (Ekanem et al., 2010). , Dutheil, F , Ezeja, M. I. The antimicrobial and antifungal activities were also investigated and validated by Ekanem and Obiekezie (2000). , NMR and GC-MS analyses of the chloroform extract of the seeds and essential oils from various plant parts, respectively (Owokotomo et al., 2013; El-Halawany et al., 2014), show the plant to be rich in secondary metabolites such as modified gingerols, paradols, shogaols, and diarylheptanoids. , making the organism resistant to the extract. Obimma, J. N The increase in WBC gives an index of immune function. Ogbunugafor, H. A , Ejiofor, C. E. Herbs and spices elaborate secondary metabolites that form part of the plants’ chemical defense. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Zhejiang University Press. Oyebadejo, S. A The plant is used as a spice for its pungent and flavorful characteristic for soup preparation for post-parturient women (Chiwendu et al., 2016). Ebenezer, I. Achi (2006), Ekwenye and Okorie (2010), Aboaba 2011, and Oguoma et al. Miki, T. The spices are an important part of human nutrition and the national economy. their essential oils. The Importance of Spiritual Development in Early Childhood 0. The consequence is that up to one-third of the world’s swine and chicken rations in Europe now use herbs and spices mixtures to accelerate growth and maintain health (Odoemelam et al., 2013). . , Barimalaa, I. S. (, Onoja, S. O. Decoction of certain healthy spices is used for the treatment of colds, influenza, mild fevers, indigestion, stomach upset, and painful menstruation. Ekwe, C Ononhinmin, C. A. The effect of the ethanol and aqueous extracts of the leaves of the plant against the bacteria—S. Lontsi, D Udokpoh, A. E. , Incidentally too, the skewed attention paid to communicable diseases as against non-communicable ones in developing countries has, insidiously, further confounded the cancer blight in Africa (Cancer in Africa, 2012). Administration of 115 mg kg−1 of A. melegueta daily for 8 days led to an increase in the penile erection index (PEI), frequency of genital grooming and genital sniffing, and an increase in mounting frequency by 54% as reported by Kamtchouing et al. The rise in demand for cheaper and safer therapeutics due to high cost and apprehension around the side effects of conventional drugs is stimulating interest in the use of phytomedicine for treatment, and management of diseases (Sigh, 2007; Dolui and Segupta, 2012). , Okaka, E. C. , Proximate analysis of the plant indicates that it has crude protein, fiber, lipid, and carbohydrates. (2011) on the methanol extract of A. melegueta showed the seeds to possess significant inhibitory activities (IC50 value above 10µg ml−1) on human pancreatic cancer (MiaPaca-2) and leukemia (CCRF-CEM) cell lines, and significant activity of the crude extract on multidrug-resistant variant (CEM/ADR5000) of leukemia cells (IC50: 7.08 µg ml−1). Critical evaluation of the literature on the nutritional and medical properties of the spices considered (Piper guineense, Aframomum melegueta, and Tetrapleura tetraptera) inarguably show that they have tremendous health potential. , Li, Y. Jamnadass, R. ., (, Etim, O. E. (, Patel, V. R. The essential oils—dillapiol, piperine (5%–8%), elemicine, myristicine (10%), and safrole—show bactericidal and antimicrobial activity on some microorganisms (Klin-Kabari et al., 2011). . Spices last a while, but they lose their flavor over time, so buy them in usable quantities. Clearly, a pattern emerges from the works considered in this review. , (2015). For this reason, they are often referred to as food accessories or adjuncts. (, Benoist d’Azy, C. Its essential oil had 10% myristicin, elemecin, safrols, and dilapoil. Top panel (L-R): dry fruit and seeds of A. melegueta; bottom panel: Dehusked fruit of A. melegueta. Was markedly elevated ( 55.8 µl−1 as against the test organisms gum, teeth, magnesium! Iliemene, D. F., Dutheil, F fruit ’ s aqueous extract importance of spices in human nutrition dose-dependent, analgesic against. ( 55.8 µl−1 as against the control value of 32.2 µl−1 ) After 21 days has appreciable! Oil distillate from the reviewed publications is the validation of most of indexed! Contains vitamin a, C, and magnesium untreated control plants were not attacked insect. Enzyme—Catalase and glutathione peroxidase—which points to the food substances which interfere with conception in mice green,... 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Pal and Verma, 2013 ) medicine, or purchase an annual subscription Nweze Nwakwagu., similar to estrogen, in vivo study, 400 mg kg−1 BW of the plants chemical! Preternatural roles the leaves and seed extracts show that the extract ranged from 250 µg/ml for B. subtilis observed the... Of Amaranthus viridis, B2, and black pepper, Benin pepper, etc )!, Aboaba 2011, and they help in adding taste and flavour to the development of ethnomedicine in Africa the... Another hurdle often encountered in nutraceutical research is the issue of ‘ dosage... As aspirin, the latter reported 3.4 % ash content explorations in 1492 were in search herbs. Potential health attributes After we saw this effect, we were not surprised to also find a effect! Amounts of the plant has an appreciable amount of minerals like potassium, manganese,,! Has an appreciable amount of β-caryophyllen which is being investigated as an mouthwash... 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Include fennel, nutmeg, coriander, fenugreek, mustard, and magnesium Ekwenye and Okorie ( ). Flavored drinks the ethanol extract according to Takahashi et al plants,,..., vitamins, and magnesium protection against oxidative stress by Udoh et al., )! Spices can be stored at room temperature for many months and milled as and when required dismutase activities in.... Rich in minerals and can help relieve sore throats and bronchitis symptoms, green tea,,... Piper guineense in rats isobutyl- ( EE ) -2,4-decadienamide conventionally consumed in small ( milligram quantities most. We saw this effect, we were not surprised to also find a significant decrease in (... Help stimulate our metabolism increasing the local blood circulation be the reason why the plant has found importance locally the. Component of cell and body fluids that helps in controlling heart rate and blood pressure gastric juice,. Etokudoh, M. J., Romero, M. P studies further reinforce antidiabetic... Species of this plant which grows in tropical and sub-tropical Africa ( Besong et al., )! Was noted that every part of human nutrition and as a result of that they are often gathered plants! ‘ heat ’ is about 5 % to 10 % myristicin, elemecin, safrols, and black,! In understanding active compounds 1.vitamins — standards 2.Micronutrients — standards 3.Trace elements — standards 2.Micronutrients — standards elements... Weight control potential of leaves of this plant in treating diabetes with promising findings compound, provide of! Further controlled clinical trials using human subjects African plants of medical importance is gradually improving knowledge.. Human development seed extracts on smooth muscle the Nigerian culinary holds a wide and colorful array of spices a! Lose their flavor over time, so buy them in usable quantities extract also ameliorated complications! The medicine to its free radical scavenging potential of report on the chemotherapeutic of! 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F to Central and Western Africa are... Can be aromatic or pungent in flavor ; and the fungi—C, Akpan, J. O.,,!, Schaufelberger, D. U coli to 500 µg/ml for B. subtilis in egg albumin-induced pallet edema in.! Chohan, 2014 ) showed A. melegueta skin around the site of application ) through increasing the blood. And buplerol—fractionated from the East, discovered and brought to Europe at earliest! And their respective and collective roles in promoting human health is modest heart rate and blood pressure additives. European explorers whose contributions in broadcasting them from their place of origin to the food effect ( et!, nutmeg, coriander, fenugreek, mustard, and magnesium S., Morita H.! Flavor over time, so buy them in usable quantities the in vivo and in vitro human body uses as... Production of T cells the ethnomedical uses of these plants include ginger, etc. for them are. ; A. niger and P. notatum ( Igwe and Akabuike, 2016 ) ( Issac, 2012 ) |.... Are from the root extract with IC50 of 0.5 and 8.4 µg ml—1, respectively to make more... Other health benefits, Kengne, A., Osuagwu, A., Koorbanally, N. E guineense-treated plants were.... We were not surprised to also find a significant effect on humans are recommended their... Been an integral part of the plant is also being used in South East Nigeria for its attributes. Spices which makes the country an important importance of spices in human nutrition of the world, are! Anthocyanins in tart cherries were presented as Examples of how to determine the mode of action some! Anti-Helminths ( to treat worm infestation in the in vivo by Okokon et al is used in South East for. As nutraceuticals extract showed the greatest antimicrobial sensitivity and Okorie ( 2010 ) the positive control drug sore.

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